Church History

XncphnXmwIqdnse {]Ya FÂ.Fw.Fkv anjWdnbmb hneywtXm_nbmkv dnwK tSm_n sâ kvacWmÀ°w \ne\nev¡p¶ henbXpd kn.Fkv.sF CShIbv¡v 198 hÀjs¯ Ncn{X]mc¼cyamWv DÅXv. CShIbnse C¶s¯ {InkvXob hnizmkn IfpsS ]mc¼cy hnizmka\pkcn¨v DÅ \nKa\w C{]ImcamWv. dnwK tSm_n F¶ alm³ Ing¡³ PÀ½\nbnse _ntejybn P\n¨v lmen bqWnthgv knänbnse hnZym`ymk¯n\v tijw Xangv\m«nse ssaemSnbnemWv BZy ambn anjWdn {]hÀ¯\w Bcw`n¡p¶Xv. At± lw ssaemSnbnembn cp¶t¸mgpw sImïv {]hÀ¯\¯nembncp¶t¸mgpw Xncph\´]pcs¯ {_n«ojv dknUâmbncp¶ tIW tImfn³ a¡mfsbbpw At±l¯n\ptijw tPm¬a¬tdm hns\bpw kµÀin¡p¶Xn\pw hcmdp­mbncp¶p. Xncph\´]pc¯p hcpt¼mÄ henbXpd Xpdap J¯v I¸en h¶nd§n dknUâns\ ImWm³ t]mIp¶Xn\v ap³]v C t¸mgs¯ ]Ån ØnXn sN¿p¶ Øe¯nt\mSSp¯p hn{ian¨p {]mÀ° n¡mdp­mbncp¶p. ]Xn hmbn«pÅ kµÀi\¯n \n¶v Nnesc {Inkv Xob hnizmk¯nte¡v ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯nsb¶pw AhcpsS ]n³Xeapd ImcmWv C¶s¯ CShImwK§Ä F¶pw ChÀ hnizkn¡p¶p. A§s\bmsW¦n B kaql¯n sâ D¸¯n 1811 \p ap³]v Bbncnbv¡mw. F¶m CXn\v sXfnhn\mbn enJnXtcJIÄ H¶pw Xs¶ CÃ. F¶m FÂ.Fw.Fkv sâ dnt¸mÀ«n³ {]Imcw henbXpdbnepw I®m´pdbnepw Hmtcm sNdpkwLw hnizmknIfpw Bcm[ \meb§fpw D­WvvSmbXv 1824  Bbncp¶p. 1822  Xncph\´]pc¯v Hcp anj³ tÌj³ Bcw`n¨ NmÄkv aoUv, dn¨mÀUv\nwKv F¶o anj\dnamcpsS {]bXv\ ^eamWv ta¸dª c­p Øe§fnse {InkvXob kaql§fpsS Øm]\ ¯n\p ImcWw I®m´pdbn Øm]nXamb {InkvXo b kaql¯n\v ]nÂIme¯v F´p kw`hn¨p F¶dnbp¶nÃ.

dnwKÂtSms_ anjWdn{]hÀ¯\w \S¯nb ImeL«w IjvS¸mSnsâbpw ZpcnX¯nsâbpw \SphneqsSbmbncp¶p. At±lw hnZym`ymk¯n\pw BXpctkh\¯n\pw, anjWdn {]hÀ¯\¯n\pw ap³Xq¡w \ÂInbncp¶p. XymtKmPzeamb tkh\ ¯mepw hn{iaanÃm¯ PohnX¯mepw At±lw £oWnX\mbn XoÀ¶p. XpSÀ¶v {]hÀ¯n ¡m³ IgnbmsXbmbt¸mÄ 1816  B ZuXyw Xsâ klmbnbmb thZamWnIyw F¶ {]hÀ¯Is\ G¸n¨p \m«nte¡v bm{Xbmbn. tcmK _m[nX\mb At±l¯nsâ A´yw bm{X at²y I¸en h¨m bncp¶p F¶p IcpXp¶p.

NmÄkvaoUv, dn¨mÀU\n F¶o anjWdnamÀ aX]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯nb hnizmknIsf¸änbpÅ hnhc§Ä e`yaÃ. AXn\m AhÀ BscÃm ambncp¶p F¶v Adnbphm³ Ignbp¶nÃ. F¶m C¶s¯ CShImwK§fpsS ap³Xeapd¡mcmb hnizmkw, kmdmÄ (1842) F¶nhÀ i_cnap¯p tZhklmbw, Úm\ap¯p F¶nhcpsS amXm]nXm ¡fmbncp¶p. AXn Úm\ap¯nsâ ]n³ XpSÀ¨ ¡mÀ C¶v It¯men¡m k`mhnizmknIfmWv. i_cn ap¯p tZhklmbw FÂ.Fw.Fkv  Xs¶ ASnbp d¨p \n¶ncp¶p. ssZhhnizmk¯n AXohXev]c \mb At±lw henXpdbnse Gähpw {]mbw IqSnb hyànbmbncp¶p. 1952þ 110þmas¯ hbÊn IÀ ¯mhn \n{Z{]m]n¨p.

AwKkwJybn Cu CShIbnse hfÀ¨ \nc¡v hfsc ]cnanXamWv F¶v IW¡pIÄ sXfn bn¡p¶p. henbXpdbn FÂ.Fw.Fkv. CShI cq]oIcn¨v 116 hÀjw Ignªt¸mÄ 1940þ GItZiw 20 IpSpw_§Äam{Xta AwK§fmbn D­mbncp ¶pÅq. ImcWw k`mhn`mK§fpsS BZy ImeL« §fnse ]ehn[ FXnÀ¸pIÄ Bbncn¡msa¶p IcpXp¶p. F¶m Cu Ncn{XcN\ \S¡pt¼mÄ 150 IpSpw_§fpw 250 Xncpk`mwK§fmbpw \ne\n ¡p¶p.

ap³Xeapd¡mcn `qcn`mKw IpSpw_§fpw Xangv\m«n \n¶pw h¶hcmWv. AhcpsS {][m\ sXmgnÂ, I¨hSw, sshZyw, Ifcn]bäv F¶nh bmbncp¶p. ]\tbmesaSªv h«nbp­m¡n Xe NpaSmbn Nme It¼mf¯n sIm­pt]mbn I¨hSw sNbvXv D]Poh\w A\pjvTn¨pt]m¶hcpw D­m bncp¶p. hnZym`ymk¯n ]nt¶m¡ambncp¶Xn \m DtZymKØÀ hfsc Ipdhmbncp¶p. Zmcn{Z ¯nsâbpw IjvS]mSnsâbpw ImeL«¯nepw Ah scÃmw Xs¶ ssZhs¯ Bcm[n¡phm³ kabw Is­¯nbncp¶p.

Cu k`bpsS Ignª Ime§fn \S¶ hnI k\{]hÀ¯\§sf¡pdn¨p hnebncpt¯­Xpw BhiyamWv. 1824 þ  Bcm[\¡v th­n Øew hm§nbXpw ]Ån¸pc \nÀ½n¨Xmsc¶pw ]dbphm³ Ignbp¶nÃ. ]gbXeapd¡mcn {][m\ambn Adnbs¸Sp¶ hyànIÄ tZhklmbw tPmk^v, ]n.Un. t]mÄk¬ UoJcpsS ]nXmhmb s]m¶¿ tUhnUv, Xmwk³hym]mcn, tPmk^v sshZy³, ISm£w sshZy³, Zm\ntb sshZy³, imapth hym]mcn, sPm¡n³ F¶nhcpÄs¸Sp¶ IpSpw_ §fmWv ChcpsS ap³Xeapd¡mÀ. Hme¸pcbn Bcm[n¨ncp¶ Bcm[\mebhpw 1850  sh«pIÃp sIm­v sI«n D]tbmKn¨ncp¶p. XpSÀ¶v taÂ]dª hnizmknIfpsS Iq«mb {]hÀ¯\^eambn 1940  ta¡qc HmSp]mIn \nÀ½n¡pIbp­mbn. CShI {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v ØncXmak¡mcmb ip{iqj IcpsS Bhiyw a\Ênem¡nb AhÀ 1917 þ Hcp ]mgvkt\Pv \nÀ½n¡pIbp­mbn. P\§fpsS km¼¯nI hfÀ¨ CShIbpsS k¼ZvLS\sb hnimeam¡nsIm­ncp¶p F¶XmWv Cu hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä Nq­n¡mWn¡p¶Xv. 1824þ D­mbncp¶ Øe¯nt\mSv tNÀ¶v 1953þepw 1974 þepw 10 skâv Øew hoXw hm§ntNÀ¯p. Cu ImeL«§fn k`mip{iqjIÀ¡v i¼fambn H¶pw Xs¶ e`n¨ncp¶nÃ. A¶v tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶ hcn Adnbs¸Sp¶ hyànIÄ sPbnwkv sU¶n k³, imapthÂ, \Ym\nb F¶nhcmbncp¶p. AXn\ptijw kphntijI\mbn h¶ sF. thZaWn sslkvIqÄ A[ym]I\pw IqsSbmbncp¶p. AtXmsSm¸w amÀt¯mam k`mhnizmknbmb hnZzm³ sI.hn. tPmk^v (A²ym]I³), aI³ tUm. tPmÀPv tPmk^v F¶nhÀ k`bn AwK§fmIpIbpw B ImeL«¯n k`bpsS hfÀ¨bv¡pw ]ptcmKa\ ¯n\pw hfscb[nIw {]bXv\n¡pIbpw sNbvXn«p ­mbncp¶p.

k`bnse IpSpw_§fpsS hÀ²\bv¡\pkcn¨v Bcm[\bv¡v Ccnbv¡m³ ØekuIcyw Ipdhm bXn\m A¶s¯ I½nänbpsS Xocpam\ {]Imcw Hcp ]pXnb ]Ån ]Wnbp¶Xn\pÅ Nn´ cq]w sIm ­p. AXn\v {][m\ambn t\XrXzw sImSp¯Xv. A¶s¯ k`msk{I«dnbmbncp¶ sF.thZaWnbpw I½nän AwK§fmb sI.hn. tPmk^v, tUm. tPmÀPv tPmk^v, UoJ³, ]n.Un. t]mÄk¬, sNó UoJ³, k`bn \n¶pw hntZi¯p \n¶pw e`n¨ kw`mh \IÄ kzoIcn¨v 1965þ ]gb ]Ån s]mfn¨v ]pXnb tZhmebw ]WnXp. 1965þ AXnsâ tKm]pchpw \nÀ½n¡pIbp­mbn. B tZhmeb¯n\v alm\mb BZys¯ anjWdn{]hÀ¯Isâ kvacWmÀ°w dnwK tSms_ sat½mdnb kn.Fkv.F NÀ¨v F¶v \maIcWw \ÂIpIbp­mbn. tZhmeb¯n\v IÃn«Xv hntZinbmb FÂ.Fw. Fkv _nj¸v F.F¨v. e¤v Bbncp¶p.

k`m ip{iqjIsc BImeL«¯n Øncambn Xmakn¸n¡m³ ]WnIgn¸n¨ ]mgvkvt\Pv PoÀ®n¨p \in¨p t]mbn. AXn\m Bcm[\ \S¯p¶Xn\v BgvNtXmdpw I®½qe skan\mcnbn \n¶pw sshZnI hnZymÀ°nIÄ h¶ncp¶p. XpSÀ¶v 1978  ]pXnbXmbn Hcp ]mgvkt\Pv \nÀ½n¨v ip{iqj¡mbn Øncw ]«¡msc \nÝbn¡pIbp­mbn.

Xncph\´]pcw \Kc¯n kz´ambn ivaim\ `qanbpÅ Npcp¡w Nne CShIIfn H¶mWv henb Xpd. Ct¸mÄ ssIhiapÅ 10 skâv `qan ivaim\ ¯n\pth­n hm§nbXmWv. F¶m Cu hkvXphn ihaS¡p¶Xn\v FXncmbn AbÂhmknbmb Hcphyàn tIkv sImSp¯p. B ImeL«¯n acW s¸« CShImwK§sf ]mfbw FÂ.Fw. Fkv. hI ivaim\¯n sIm­pt]mbn kwkvIcn¡pIbmbn cp¶p. GItZiw 20 hÀjt¯mfw tIkv \S¯n¡p Ibpw ssZhhnizmknIfpsS Iq«mb{]mÀ°\bpsS ^eambn CShIbv¡v A\pIqeambn hn[n hcpIbp ­mbn. AXnsâ ]n¶n {][m\ambn {]hÀ¯n¨hÀ sF. thZaWn, Un. tPmk^v UoJ³, F. X¦¿³ F¶o hyànIfmbncp¶p.

]pXnb]ÅnbpsS hnIk\¯nsâ `mKambn 1995þ B[p\nI coXnbn \nÀ½n¨ Aįmcbpw ]ÅnbpsS ap³hi¯v Xpdkmb Hcp thZnbpw \nÀ½n ¡pIbp­mbn. ]ÅnIfn ]gbcoXnbn D]tbm Kn¨ncp¶ aWn amän C¶pImWp¶ aWn hm§m³ km[n¨p. ASp¯ Ime¯mbn k`bpsS t]cv tcJ s¸Sp¯nb at\mlcamb BÀ¨v t_mÀUv Øm]n¡p Ibp­mbn. C¶p ImWp¶ tZhmeb ¯nse D]IcW§fn ]eXpw k`mwK§fpsS DZmcamb kw`mh\IfmWv. Hmtcmcp¯cpsSbpw t]cpIÄ FÃmw Xs¶ CXn DÄs¸Sp¯m³ \nÀhmlanÃ. F¶m {]kwK]oThpw, hmb\m ]oThpw ]WnXv kw`mh\ \ÄInbXv ]tcX\mb tUm. tPmÀPv tPmk^v Bbncp¶psb¶Xv Cu kabw {]tXyIw kvacn¡p¶p.

{InkvXob kaql¯nsâ \ne\n¸v AXn\p Ånse AwK§fn DÄs¡m­ncp¶ hnizmks¯ bpw Xmev]cys¯bpw Dt±in¨p sIm­v Nne {IaoI cW§Ä Bcw`n¡pIbp­mbn. kt­kvIqÄ apX emb {]hÀ¯\§Ä 1900 þ Bcw`n¨Xmbn ]db s¸Sp¶p. ap³Ime§fn Bcw`n¨ kt­ kvIqÄ bphP\ kwLw, _meP\kwLw, kv{XoP\ kwLw F¶nhbpsS kPoh]¦mfn¯w CShIbpsS \ne\nev ]ns\ klmbn¡p¶p. Bcm[\Isf `ànkm {µam¡p¶Xn\pth­n at\mlcamb KmbI kwLw ap³XeapdIÄ \S¯nbncp¶p. tPmk^v UoJdpsS t\XrXz¯n 1930 \pw 1940 \pw CSbv¡v Bcw`n¨ KmbIkwLw Ct¸mgpw XpSÀ¶psIm­ncn¡p¶p.

k`bpsS DWÀhn\pw hnizmk¯n\pw iàn tbIp¶Xn\pth­n I¬sh³j³ aäv tbmK§Ä {]hÀ¯\Iq«mbvaIÄ apXembh Bcw`n¨v P\§sf DWÀhpÅhcm¡nXoÀ¯v sIm­ncp¶p. AicWcpw \ncm{ibtcmSpapÅ {InkvXob tkh\¯nsâ `mKambn 1992 þ Hcp km[pklmb\n[n kzcq]n ¡pIbpw AXnÂIqSn hnhmlklmbw, sshZy klmbw, hkvXpklmbw, hnZym`ymk klmbw, \ÂIpIbpw sN¿p¶p.

henbXpd kn.Fkv.sF {InkvXob kaqlw hnZym`ymk]cambn hfÀ¶ncn¡p¶p. AXn\m tI{µ kwØm\DtZymKØscbpw hntZi§fn tPmenbn teÀs¸«ncn¡p¶hscbpw tIm¬{SmIväÀamscbpw hym]mcnIsfbpw sshZyNnInÕmcwK¯v tUmIvSÀ amscbpw s\gvkvamscbpw kmt¦XnI cwK¯v tUmIvStdäv t\Snb F©n\obÀamscbpw ImÀjnI cwK¯v A{KnIĨÀ B^okÀamscbpw hnZym`ymk cwK¯v A²ym]Iscbpw saUnkn³ F©n\obdnwKv M.com, MCA, MBA F¶o _ncpZm\´c _ncpZw t\Snbhscbpw Cu k`bneqsS \ap¡v t\Sphm³ Ignªn«p­v.

CtXmsSm¸w Xs¶ kaqlw almCShI kphntijoIcW¯n\v \ÂInb kw`mh\bpw tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. almCShIbn kphntij Icmbn tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶ \Ym\ntbÂ, Ipamcn N{µ{]`, KoXmIpamcn, F³. Pb{]kmZv F¶o kphntij{]hÀ¯Icpw Ct¸mgs¯ k`mip {iqjI\mb dh: PbIpamÀ _m_p, _n.Un. _ncpZw t\Snb Fkv. PbtlmÀfnKmÀeâv F¶nhcpw Z£ntW´ym kn\Uv saUn¡Â anj³ UbdIvSdm bn tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶ tUm. tPmÀPv tPmk^pw Cu k`bnse AwK§fmbncp¶p. IqSmsX Cu k`bn \n¶pw BZyambn F©n\obdnwKn tUmIvS tdsäSp¯ tUm. kn. kmw, tlmantbm saUnkn\nÂ, tUm.]n.P]aWn, Atem¸Xn saUnkn\n tUm. PbIpamÀ Ìo^³, A{KnIĨdn kn. {_nÃn³ F¶o t]cpIfpw ]cmaÀin¡s¸tS­XmWv.

{]tXyI tkh\w sIm­v Cu CShI kvacn ¡p¶hÀ ]ecmWv. Ahcn 1965  \nÀ½n¡s¸« ]pXnb tZhmeb¯nsâ \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\¯n\v XymtKmPzeambn {]hÀ¯n¨ hnZzm³ sI.hn. tPmk^v, sF. thZaWn, tUm. tPmÀPv tPmk^v, Un.tPmk^v UoJ³, Fkv. sNóUoJ³, ]n.Un. t]mÄk¬ UoJÀ F¶nhcpsS tkh\§Ä {it²bamWv.

CShI I½nän AwK§fmbn {]hÀ¯n¨hÀ At\IcmWv, HutZymKnIambn `mchmlnXzw hln¨ hcn sk{I«dnamÀ, Úm\ap¯p, Úm\aWn, sP. ISm£w sshZyÀ, sF. thZaWn, ]n.Un. t]mÄk¬, kn. jmP³ F¶nhcpw A¡u­âvamÀ sP. ISm£w sshZy³, Un.tPmk^v UoJ³, ]n.Un. t]mÄk¬, tUm. kn.kmw, sP. C_\okÀ, BÀ. tPmbv F¶nhcp ambncp¶p.

I½nän AwK§Ä : Úm\ap¯p, Úm\aWn, ISm£w sshZyÀ, sF. thZaWn, tPmk^v, Fkv. sNó, ]n.än. F{_lmw, ]n.Un. t]mÄk¬, Un. Ìo^³k¬, BÀ. kpµccmPv, Un. {InkvXpZmkv, Fkv. s\Âk³, sP. tPm¬k¬, sP. C_\okÀ, kn. {_nÃn³, Fknenäo¨À, ]pjv]w äo¨À, sP. tXmakv, än. PbcmPv, tim`IpamÀ, cat\i¿³, BÀ. joP, tacnX¦¸³, cmP½ BâWn, kn. kpµc³, tkmfa³, eXmsk_mÌy³ F¶nhcmbncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ ]n._n.BÀ N{µ³, tPmbvtP¡_vv, saÂtdmkv BÀ. cXv\w F¶nhÀ {]hÀ¯n¨phcp¶p.

almCShI`mchmlnIÄ : Fkv. s\Âk¬, Un. {InkvXpZmkv F¶nhÀ almCShIIu¬kn AwK§fmbncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ Un. {InkvXpZmkv almCShI FIvknIyq«ohv AwKambn {]hÀ¯n ¡p¶p.

k¬tU kvIqÄ sk{I«dnamÀ :þ {InÌ _mbntPm¬k¬, sP. KnÂ_À«v, ]pjv]wSo¨À, sP. [À½cmPv, joPmZmkv, Fw. cmP³, BÀ. joP, {]oX Xr]vXnIpamÀ, Ipªqª½, Pmkvan³ PbIpamÀ F¶nhcmbncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ KoX APnXv sk{I«dn bmbn {]hÀ¯n¨phcp¶p.

tkh\w sIm­v BZcWob I]ymÀamÀ :þ Un. tPmk^v, ]n.Un. t]mÄk¬, sF. amXyp, Fkv. bmK¸³, Fkv.s\Âk¬, Un. Ìo^³k³, än. [À½cmPv, F³. IpamcZmkv, Fkv. PbIpamÀ, BÀ. kpµccmPv, PÌn³tPmfn, ssh. APbIpamÀ, ss\ÂIpamÀ, tPmWntP¡_v, Fw. X¦¸³ F¶nh cmbncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ {io. kpµccmPv tkh\w A\pjvTn ¨phcp¶p.

ImemIme§fn ip{iqjbv¡v t\XrXzw \ÂInbhÀ At\IcmWv. BZys¯ Hcp \qäm­p Imes¯ {]hÀ¯\s¯¡pdn¨pÅ hnhc§Ä e`yaÃ. 1926 apX {]hÀ¯n¨hÀ ChcmWv. Pbnwkv F{_lmw, sP. U¶okv tXmwk³, hneyw \ScmPv, imapthÂ, \Ym\nbÂ, dh. Fw. Pn. amXyp, sF. thZaWn, Fw. s]m¶paWn dh. dke¿³, ssh. tbipZmk³, hn. AaeZmkv, dh. sP. hnÂ{^Uv, dh. F{kmlmcokv, tXmakv G©Â, _n. X¦¸³, dh. km\µw tPmk^v, dh. X¼n, dh. sP. PÌkv, dh. _n. tZht\i³, dh. sI. ]pjv]cmP³, dh. tdm_À«v hnIvSÀ, dh. Pn. tim`\w, dh. PÌn³ NmÄkv, dh. tPymXn sFkIv, dh. ]n.kn. tP¡_v, I\IcmPv, dh. kmwPokv, dh. sP. emd³kv, Ct¸mÄ dh. C. hÂkIpamÀ tkh\w A\pjvTn¡p¶p.

k`bpsS ]ptcmKa\¯n\v th­n ITn\m[zm\w sN¿p¶hcpw \s½hn«v IS¶pt]mbhcpw AhcpsS tkh\§fpw BZyIpSpw_mwK§fmb hnizmkw, kmdmÄ F¶o ap³Xeapd¡mcpsS {]mÀ°\bpsS ^eamWv C¶s¯ k`bpsS \ne\nÂ]n \m[mcw.

ISm£w sshZy³ : {]KÛ\mb kn² sshZy³ k`m sk{I«dnbmbn ZoÀLImew tk h\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶p. k`m{]h À¯\§fn kPoh Xev]c \mbncp¶p.

tZhklmbw tPmk^v : i_cnap¯p tZhklmb¯nsâ a¡fn 3þma³ {Smh³IqÀ dºÀ hÀ¡vkn DtZymKØ\mbn tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶p. k`bnse kPoh{]hÀ¯I³, I]ymÀ, UoJ³, A¡u­âv, {SjdÀ, IzbÀ eoUÀ, F¶o Øm\§fn At\Iw hÀjw {]hÀ¯n¨ncp¶p.

Úm\ap¯p: k`msk{I«dnbmbn {]hÀ¯n¨ncp¶p. k`m{]hÀ¯ \§fn AXoh Xev]c\mbncp¶p.

Úm\aWn : k`msk{I«dnbmbn tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶p. k`m{]hÀ¯ \§fn kPohambncp¶p.

FUnk³ sshZy³ : sP. ISm£w sshZycpsS a¡fn 3þma³ kn²sshZy¯n {]KÛ \mb hyànbmbncp¶p. NnInÕm cwK¯v {]ikvXn t\Snb At± lw k`m{]hÀ¯\§fnepw AXohXev]c\mbncp¶p.

\Ym\nb : almCShI bnse {][m\ kphntijI³ kwkvIrX¯n AKm[amb Úm\apÅ At±lw At\I hÀjw Cu k`bn kphntij {]hÀ¯I\mbn tkh\w A\p jvTn¨ncp¶p.

hnZzm³ sI.hn. tPmk^v : kvIqÄ A²ym]I \mbn tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶p. ss__nfn AKm[amb ]mÞnXyw DÅ At±lw ]ÅnbpsS \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v th­ t\Xr Xzw \ÂInbncp¶p. k`bpsS ]ptcmKa\¯n\pth­n IpSpw_ ambn Atlmcm{Xw tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ hyànbmbncp¶p. At±lw F¡mehpw kvacnbv¡s¸Spw.

]n.än. F{_lmw : kvIqÄ A²ym]I³ k`bn UoJ\mbn At\IhÀjw {]hÀ¯n¨ncp¶p. k`m ]ptcmKa\¯n\pth­n hfscb[nIw {]bXv\n¨ hyànbmbncp¶p.

Fkv. sNó : anen«dn kÀÆokn DtZymK Ø\mbncp¶p. hym]mccwK¯v P\{i²bmÀPn¨ hyànbmbncp¶p. UoJ\mbn Gsd\mÄ {]hÀ¯n¨ At±lw k`m{]hÀ¯\§fnepw {i²mephmbncp¶p.

tXmwk¬ : hym]mccwK¯v {]ikvXn t\Snb At±lw k`mI½nän AwKambpw tkh\a\pjvTn¨n cp¶p.

sF. thZaWn : kvIqÄ A²ym]I³, k`m ip{iqjI \mbn {]hÀ¯\amcw`n¨ At± lw ZoÀLImew k`msk{I«dn, Utbmknj³ AwKw FUyp t¡j³ t_mÀUv sk{I«dn F¶o taJeIfn {]ikvXamb tkh\w \S¯nbncp¶p. IqSmsX C¶p ImWp¶ k`bpsS \nÀ ½mW {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw ]ptcm Ka\¯n\pw t\XrXzw \ÂInb At±ls¯ k` F¡mehpw kvacn¡p¶p.

FknenSo¨À : kvIqÄ slUvankv{Skv, k`bnse BZy s¯ h\nX UoJ\Êmbn {]i kvX tkh\w A\pjvTn¨v I½nän ¡v \ÂInbncp¶p. kv{XoP\ kwLS\bnepw NpaXe hln¨n cp¶p.

tUm. tPmÀPv tPmk^v : saUn¡Â tImtfPn s{]m^ kdmbncp¶p. Z£ntW´ymkn \Uv saUn¡Â anj³ Ubd IvSdmbpw tkh\a\pjvTn¨ncp¶p. tZhmeb¯nsâ \nÀ½mW {]hÀ ¯\¯n\pth­n Atlmcm{Xw {]hÀ¯n¨ncp¶ At±ls¯ k`m F¡mehpw kvacnbv¡pw.

F. X¦¿³ : {_n«ojv `cWIme¯v ]«mf¯n tkh \a\pjvTn¡pIbpw c­mw temI almbp²¯n ]s¦Sp¯v At± l¯nsâ CcpIc§fpw \jvS s¸«ncp¶p. \sÃmcp kvt]mÀSv kvam\mbncp¶p. Hcp ImeL« ¯n k`m{]hÀ¯\§fn \sÃmcp ]¦v hln¨ncp¶p. ivaim \ tIknsâ \S¯n¸n\v {][m\n bmbncp¶p.

]n.Un. t]mÄk¬ : C³ Uy³ anen«dn kÀhokn lhn³ Zmdmbn tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp ¶p. k`bn A¡u­âmbpw sk{I«dnbmbpw I½nän AwKw F¶ \nebnepw tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶ hyànbmbn cp¶p. C¶p ImWp¶ anj³ luknsâ Øew hm§nbXpw anj³ hoSphbv¡p¶Xn t\Xr Xzw \ÂInbXpw At±l¯nsâ {]tXyI Xmev]cy¯nembn cp¶p.

IqSmsX henbXpdbnse FIvkv kÀÆokkv Atkmkn tbj³ {]knUâv, hym]mcnhyh kmbn GtIm]\ kanXnbpsS BZys¯ {]knUâv {]apJ _nkn\Êv Øm]\ ¯nsâ DSa, F¶o Øm]\§fn {]ikvX tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶p. CShIsb Gähpa[nIw kvt\ln ¨ncp¶ hyàn k`m{]hÀ¯\§fn At±l¯nsâ \njvIf¦amb tkh\w k` F¡mehpw kvacnbv¡pw.

Fkv. s\Âk¬ : t]meokv Un¸mÀ«psaân kÀ¡nÄ C³kvs]IvSdmbn tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶p. hym]mcn hyhkmbn GtIm]\ kanXn sk{I«dn, henbXpd s]³jt\gvkv Atkmkntbj³ {]knUâv, I]ymÀ, UoJ³, almCShI Iu¬kn AwKw F¶ \neIfnepw {]hÀ¯n ¨ncp¶p.

sP. tPm¬k¬ : kvIqÄ A²ym]I³, k`bn ZoÀLImew UoJ³ F¶o \neIfn kvXpXyÀlamb tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncp¶p. k`bpsS ]ptcmKa\¯n \pth­n hfscb[nIw {]bXv\n¨ncp¶p.

Cu k`bnse B\pImenI hnIk\ {]hÀ ¯\§tfbpw BßoI D²mcWs¯¸änbpw {]Xn ]mZn¨m am{Xta k`mNcn{Xw ]qÀ®amIpIbpÅq.

IqSmsX NÀ¨n Hcp FIv̳j³ t»m¡v \nÀ½n¡m\pw sa³kv s^temjn¸v t\XrXzw \ÂIn.

2007 G{]n amk¯n kÀÆ{io. ]n._n.BÀ. N{µ³, tPmbv tP¡_v, saÂtdmkv BÀ.cXv\w F¶nhÀ DÄs¸« k`m I½nän \nehn h¶p. AXn\p tijw k`bpsS hcpam\w hfsctbsd hÀ²n¨p sIm­ncn¡p¶p. Cu an¨hcpam\w D]tbmKn¨v k`m aµnc¯nsâbpw anj³ hoSnsâbpw AäIpä]WnIÄ sN¿pIbp­mbn.

Cu k`m I½nänbpsS t\XrXz¯n ]ÅnbpsS c­mas¯ t»m¡pw NÀ¨n\p Hcp ]n³apdnbpw ]pcpj·mÀ¡pw kv{XoIÄ¡pw {]tXyIambn ssSÂkv ]mInb c­p tSmbveävkpw \nÀ½n¡pIbp­mbn. CXnsâ {]XnjvT k`mZn\w BtLmjn¡p¶ 26þ4þ2009  A`nhµy tamUtdäÀ ¥mÌ Xncpta\n k`bv¡v kaÀ¸n¡pIbp­mbn. k`bn {]hÀ¯n¨phcp¶ kn.C.ssh.F^v, IzbÀ, kv{XoP\kJyw k¬tU kvIqÄ, _meP\kJyw, sa³kv s^temjn¸v XpS§n FÃm kwLS\Itfbpw GtIm]n¸n¨psIm­mWv CXv \S¯nbXv. sa³kv s^temjn¸pw AXnse AwK§fpw Cu \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v hfsc {]iwk\obamb coXnbn kPoh ]¦mfn¯w hln¡pIbp­mbn. _nÂUnwKv I½nänbpsS B`napJy ¯n \S¶ Cu \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡mbpÅ apJy[\w k`mwK§fpsS DZmcamb kw`mh\bmWv.

NÀ¨nsâ FIv̳j³ \nÀ½mW¯n D­mb ISw XoÀ¡m³ sa³kv s^temjn¸v \S¯nb e¡n Un¸v aptJ\ kamlcn¨ [\hpw hn\ntbmKn¡pI bp­mbn. Cu \à {]hÀ¯n hfsc amXrIm]chpw A`n\µ\mÀlhpamWv.

Ct¸mgs¯ IzbÀ I½nänbpsSbpw IzbÀ AwK§fpsSbpw {ia^eambn A`ypZbImw£n IfpsS IqSn kw`mh\ DÄs¸Sp¯n Izbdn\v th­n 2009 amÀ¨v amkmhkm\w Hcp ]pXnb HmÀK³ hm§n {]XnjvTn¡phm³ Ignªp.

ivaim\w aXn sI«n tKäv C«v kpc£nX am¡m\pw Cu I½nän¡v km[n¨p.

Ct¸mÄ k`m P\§fpsS Iq«mb ]¦mfn¯hpw AÀ¸Wat\m`mhhpw BßmÀ°amb {]mÀ°\bpw k`bpsS FÃm {]hÀ¯\§fnepw \ndªp\n¡p ¶p.



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